Services - Dental Implants

What are dental implants

Dental implants are used to replace one or more teeth to completely rehabilitate the function and aesthetics of the oral cavity.

Sometimes, because of the poor condition of the teeth it is no longer possible to make a crown or bridge, and after tooth extraction and the healing of the bone ridge to compensate teeth, dental implants are implanted, under the assumption that this procedure is allowed by the quality and quantity of the remaining bone, as well as by the height and width of the bone ridge. The implants are now routinely implanted, under local anesthesia and with minimal surgical intervention.

A conversation with the patient is essential to thoroughly let him know all stages of treatment, and all questions are welcome.

Before installing the implant a thorough check of the health status of the patient and CBCT is necessary in order to precisely determine the position of the implant placement.

Stages of treatment

Phase I: diagnosis and treatment plan

After consultation and review of the x-ray and CBCT images and on the basis of the obtained data, we pass through the entire treatment plan, time and financial structure.

Phase II: installation of the implant

The implants are placed, including any accompanying procedures if necessary:

Sinus lift
Due to the loss of the rear upper teeth it comes to atrophy of the jaw bone and to lowering the bottom of the maxillary sinus. In order to put the implant in this area, it is necessary to return the bottom of the maxillary sinus and to make a place for the implant.

Sinus lift is a common, painless procedure where the bottom of the sinus is lifted in the upper jaw, under local anesthesia.

If due to the loss of teeth over time it comes to a bone resorption, i.e. if there is not sufficient bone height due to "lowered sinus cavity," it is necessary to do a sinus lift and upgrade of artificial bone in the sinus cavity.

In case there is not enough bone, most often it is done at the same time with installing the implant. Otherwise, the required period of ossification takes from six to nine months (after which implants can be placed).

Bone augmentation
is a term used for a number of procedures that are undertaken in order to increase bone volume for placing dental implants.

All procedures include adding bone material. It can be autologous bone (bone graft taken from another place in the patient's mouth) or artificial bone. The process of replacing the lost bone is known as "guided bone regeneration" (GBR - Guided Bone Regeneration).

After this procedure it is necessary to wait four to six months until the bone is completely formed prior to an implant placement.

The stitches are removed in 7 days, and the process of osseointegration (connection between living bone) takes 3 - 6 months.

Phase III: prosthetic constructions

At this stage dental implants are completely grown together with the bones.

Final prints are taken and the definitive appearance of the tooth / teeth (color, shape, size ...) is discussed with the dental technicians. The rehearsal is followed by cementing.

The types of dental installed implants

In the dental polyclinic dr. Gašparac we use one of the best systems of dental implants.

- Schütz impla implants
- Dentinum implants

Regarding the selection, we are guided by the requirements of each individual patient.